DEGREE IN VETERINARY MEDICINE.

MY NAME IS MICHEL SIMON PEREZ,I WAS BORN ON 18 DECEMBER 1970, IN RANCH BOYEROS, THE HABANA.CUBA.
MY HOUSE WAS SITUATED JUST AT THE SIDE OF THE FAIR AGRICULTURAL OF RANCH BOYEROS.POR THAT BOY FROM MY GREAT PASSION FOR HORSES, THE BUSH AND THE WORLD FERIAS.ESTE I ABSORVIO PER COMPLETO.DE THERE MY LIFE ALWAYS LINKED TO THIS GUILD TO WHICH BOTH MASTER.
FROM VERY YOUNG I BEGAN TO PRACTICE THE RODEO, WHERE PRACTICE FROM THE HORSE TO ACROBATICS, THE BULLS OF MONTAS, LINK OF CALVES, DEMOLITION OF CATTLE TO HANDS, ORDENOS OF COWS AND ALL THE DICIPLINAS OF RODEO CUBANO.ME GRADUE IN 1993 OF DEGREE IN MEDICINE VETERINARIA.FUI DIRECTOR OF THE TEAMS OF RODEO PARK LENIN AND CITY OF HABANA, BY MANY ANOS.HOY AWAY FROM THESE CHORES THEM STILL LOVING AS THE FIRST DAYS.
1 SIXTO FELIX NOVO(FELO) FROM BOLIVIA.
2 SHARON NASH FROM IRELAND.
3 CARLOS (PICHI) BELICER FROM VENEZUELA.
4 JORGE ALMEIDA FROM PORTUGAL.
5 PEDRO NEVES FROM PORTUGAL.
6 GUILLERMO HERNADEZ MORONES FROM MEXICO
7 MARCELINO (CHICO) RAMIREZ FROM MEXICO.
8 NARMADHA NAVARRO GARCIA FROM SPAIN.
Mobile phone number:0014022705685.
EMAIL:michelesimonperez@Yahoo.es
 

THIS BLOG IS A SIMPLE RECOGNITION TO ALL THOSE WHO HAVE DELIVERED THE BEST IF AND ALL HIS LOVE FOR THE RODEO ,FAIRS, THE HORSE RIDING IN OUR BELOVED LAND "CUBA". AS NOT THERE IS ALMOST NOTHING GATHERED FROM THIS STORY RICH WE DECIDED TO PUBLISH THIS PAGE IN THE NET.

- Management of the nourishment in equine.

Both the breeder horses, as well as who practise equestrian sports, continually are doomed to solve their animals, especially in the estabulados health abnormal States. Therefore due to misuse and management of foods that used for the daily ration.

Is not enough to have food, or know the nutritional value, or know about the horses in different States nutritional requirements. Is needed, in addition, knowledge of the applied form of racionar animals and the responses that it can give food abnormal situations.

The rationing must obey to conduct determined in relation to the digestive physiology of the horse, making this a good use of food; to avoid gastrointestinal disorders are so common in the horses.

Calculated the nutritional value of the diet and balanced the needs of the horse, according to weight live and type of work and State, and considering the daily requirement of food dry to consume, protein, energy, minerals and vitamins; the presence of toxic elements must take care; by decaying, poorly preserved or food agents strange. All these requirements will allow an appropriate quality of the ration provide.

The horse by nature, and especially, that is feedlot, tends to eat more than necessary. It is prudent, then racionar_ so considering your appetite, digestive and metabolic characteristics. The Anatomy and topography of the digestive tract horse is very special. Your stomach size reduced and built in the form of cul-de-sac, it adds a colon with very specific sectors (blind) continuous increases with surges; journey which must follow the food in transit. Add to this factor individuality, significantly influences their behaviour.

The best way to racionar the horses, consult the following:


DRINK
Essential condition is water quality, should be provided in a number that is according to the time and state that the animal is. Thirsty, horse after work required hard and, above all, in warm, times must be broken water to prevent cramping, produced by the sudden arrival of cold water in the stomach in lot number.

It is estimated that regardless the horse can be abrevado, both before and after of eating their ration. However, it seems more logical given drink after consumption of fodder, allowing or facilitating the transit of them. We also recommend, give water by concentrates food intake. This last practice prevents sharp concentrated, subsistence consumption that is common cause of the digestive tract abnormalities. On the other hand, also prevents the digestibility casualties are concentrated diets when are down to quickly stomach evacuated to be influenced by exaggerated water volumes.


NUTRITIONAL BALANCE
This concept is related to the fact that the horse requires a certain level of nutrients according to the type and intensity of work that is performed. Obviously, under demands occur when the animal does not work. Rest or rest only needs maintenance; levels for which, exclusive grazing or an average haymaking are sufficient.

Work, when changes from light to semipesado or heavy, increases sharply demands, be necessary to incorporate concentrates. Here is where these demands changes commonly occur, must proceed to the adjustment of diets, whereas the nutritional value of food in use and the requirements of the animal as activity.

Changing the nutritious, demands will caution to a gradual increase in the amount of diet; amount that must, preferably expressed more as weight in kilograms of food, as a volume. This, given that according to the State of food (ground, chancado or whole, as is the case of grains), will vary its volume. Is particularly, to add concentrates or isolated, grain when there is the better chance of digestive; alterations even when interleaved rest periods without reducing the amount or nutritious diet wealth.

In such circumstances, the horse shows alterations congestivo type sensitivity (cramping, infosura, mioglobinuria, paraxística, digestive overloads), allowing to by an inadequate management of diets, be alter intestinal motility, the microbismo and secretions, generating toxic derivatives that produce indicated disorders.


DISTRIBUTION OF THE DIET
The proportion of the diet to be given on a daily basis, will depend on the type of activity that play the horse in the course of the day. Addition that the animal has full calm and quiet to consume their diet, it should be most abundant to start more prologados, rest periods in particular, the more bulky ration, such as fodder fraction.

The concentrated ration should be consumed in not very long, time-lapse not more than half an hour preference. If the required amount of concentrated, according to calculation, is greater, given the intensity of work, is preferable to fraccionar_ in several daily parcialidades.

In general, the horse must have the time necessary to eat their ration, ongoing it at a normal rate. This will enable progress enough food in the digestive tract before restart the job. Otherwise, the stomach, yet full, limited breathing extent active digestion retained much of blood at Digestive and there the nourishing traslocación to muscle level.

Preferably the concentrated fraction of the diet, will be in intermediate, shorter, rest periods as the afternoon, preferring the increased volume of fodder, provide it overnight.

FORM OF DELIVERY OF THE INGREDIENTS OF THE RACION
The State or the way in which are delivered constituents from the diet, should aim it always as possible, palatable and be easily masticada and swallowed, while allowing a good digestibility and nutritious effectiveness. This is particularly important when the horse has reduced time-lapse to feed from the day, case in interest to increase the speed of ingestion, down the corresponding expenditure of chewing and Digestive transit at the same time accelerate the speed of digestion.

This is particularly important for the fraction of carbohydrates food that to the be early attacked by enzymes in the small intestine, accelerating their absorption in the form of glucose, which is metabolized directly and favours the energy needs of muscular work. On the other hand, diminishes the passing of carbohydrates to colon, where, by microbial, fermentation energy losses occur and where are generated volatile fatty acids lower energy efficiency than glucose.

Both the chopped of fodder, and the chancado of the hard, without an excessive grinding as the dip them previously, and, ultimately, the peletizado of food, not only, grains shall foster these situations of chewing (especially in animals with altered dentures), intake and metabolism, but that also avoid the physical loss of food by be swallowed by the horse, or during the process of apprehension. Conversely, too purulentos food will be avoided to reduce the difficulties of chewing, particularly the alteration of respiratory tract, emphysema, etc., being in many cases recommended moisten food previously: case of the henos.

Other types of previous manipulations of food before be ingested, such as the manufacture of mashes, cooking, treatment steam under pressure, due to more specific, not being of interest indicate to the case of the horse situations. What will facilitate the regularization and maintenance of the digestive process can only add, when used, usually focused on continuously, when their intake is high, it is recommended collate any antipoisoning or slightly laxative partial diet from Bran wheat flaxseed or other ingredient such action.


FOOD HYGIENE
Does not give good results in the horse, feed if while the ration is balanced and well racionada not meets the hygiene conditions in each and all of the ingredients comprising the diet.

As well as the shape or State where foodstuffs are delivered along with the balance of the diet, are causes of disturbance of health, when they are not normal, the presence of extraneous matters, thorny herbs, enmohecidos food, toxic plants, etc., cause disorders diverse nature and severity.

An imbalance in the diet, will cause carenciales States or less animal performance. The improperly present food, it will entail difficulties of chewing, ingestion, digestion, mecánico-digestivos processes, alteration of respiratory tract. Status, enmohecidos, fermented, bad food generate toxins with consequential modifications of health. Similarly, toxic plants that are incorporated into the noble fodder harvested, or consumed in inadequate direct talajeos by its principles toxic assets may be cause of serious disruption.

Can be summarized finally that feed horses, is a science and an art, involving multiple factors conjugated between animal and the environment that surrounds it. It is a science, because it requires the balance of biological; factors and is an art, because the intervention of man is crucial to the managing each marked, items in game to get a resulting useful and efficient.